Most tickets cost .77 euro for a single ride. Daily multiride tickets and weekly and monthly tickets are also available. Tickets must be bought in advance, from bus terminal ticket offices, tobacco stores, newsstands, etc. Ticket collectors are few; once on the bus (enter from the rear, exit from the middle), validate your ticket by putting it in the ticket punching machine. Keep your ticket until you get off the bus.
Because of the large number of bus lines and stops, it is easy to get confused. Directions in Naples center around the piazzas (squares) and main streets. A little study of a map-ATAN route map if available, but any city map will help you decide which bus to take. For example, you may be at the main train station area (Piazza Garibaldi) and want to get to the New Castle near Piazza Municipio, so you would look for a bus that includes Piazza Municipio on its route.
There are round-cornered rectangular yellow signs at scheduled stops which list buses by number that stop there and also list the main areas which each bus covers. A more complete route listing is on a card in the window of the bus. Bus stops are of two types-obbligatoria (mandatory stop) and facoltativa (request stop). If you are waiting for a bus at a facoltativa stop, you should wave at the bus you want as it appears; otherwise, it will not stop.
If you are still in doubt after reading the bus stop signs, ask someone waiting or the driver of the bus "Piazza Municipio?" At the very least, they will nod or shake their heads to tell you, but Italians are usually very friendly and will probably go out of their way to help you find your stop.
Once on the bus, if you want to get off at a facoltativa stop, ring the bell near the exit doors to let the driver know. He or she will let you off at the next possible stop. Buses most useful to the American community are 14, 14 red, 26, 102, 152 and 501.
Buses 14 and 14 Red connect the central train station with Capodichino airport. They travel along Piazza Umberto, Corso Garibaldi, viale Maddalena, civilian airport (walking distance to NSA Capodichino) and return through Corso Garibaldi.
Bus 102 runs from Piazza Plebiscito (by the Royal Palace, near the port and Piazza Municipio), via Acton, through the first tunnel, Piazza Vittoria, Riviera di Chiaia (stops near the U.S. Consulate), Mergellina, the second tunnel, viale Augusto, Piazzale Tecchio, viale Kennedy, via Nuova Agnano, Hotel Terme and the intersection of via Beccadelli and via Scarfoglio and returns the same route. Bus 152 runs through Pozzuoli to via Diserchia, then to Via Terracina, via Nuova Agnano, Mostra (Edenlandia), viale Augusto, via Partenope and Piazza Garibaldi.
Bus 501 runs from Stazione Centrale (Piazza Garibaldi) to Piazza Municipio, Piazza Plebiscito, via Santa Lucia, Riviera di Chiaia, Mostra (Edenlandia), viale Kennedy, via Beccadelli and Ippodromo di Agnano.
There are also many suburban and long-distance routes, such as from Naples to Pinetamare, or to the Amalfi coast.
Trolleys are run also by ATAN. There are few of them, the most useful being route No.1. This runs from Pozzuoli through Bagnoli (near AFSouth), past the port area, the central train station and northeast (near Shoe Alley). This route runs by many points of interest, but can take quite some time when compared to other forms of public transportation.
SUBWAY AND COMMUTER TRAIN
There are four systems in Naples. They are:
Metropolitana: This is Naples' subway system and is perhaps the most convenient for Allied personnel in Naples. The main segment runs from Pozzuoli to Gianturco in northeast Naples, with stops at Bagnoli, Cavalleggeri Aosta, Piazza Leopardi, Campi Flegrei, Mergellina, Piazza Amedeo, Montesanto, Piazza Cavour, and Piazza Garibaldi. It easily connects the AFSouth post with Naples, three main state train stations, other commuter rail systems, funicolare and ferry and hydrofoil systems. Extensions of the Metropolitana are being constructed to connect to the Vomero and Capodimonte areas of Naples. An already-existing extension runs from Pozzuoli to Villa Literno (about 15 miles northeast of Naples) with stops at Quarto and Giugliano/Qualiano. Trains run between Pozzuoli and Gianturco about every 15 minutes from 5 a.m.-11 p.m. From Pozzuoli to Villa Literno, trains run about every 40 minutes. There are two zones in the main section-Pozzuoli to Mergellina and Mergellina to Gianturco. Tickets are .55 euro within one zone ,77 euro between the two zones. Therefore, a ticket from Bagnoli to Mergellina is .55 euro; from Bagnoli to Piazza Garibaldi is .77 euro. The Metropolitana is run by the Italian State Railway, so combination tickets with the ATAN bus/funicolare systems are not available; you will have to buy separate tickets for such multiple travel. Despite this drawback, the Metropolitana is very convenient.
Cumana: This train system runs from the Baia/Bacoli peninsula to Montesanto, with stops in Pozzuoli, Bagnoli (down the hill from the Metropolitana station), Edenlandia, Piazzale Tecchio, and Fuorigrotta (near the market).
Circumflegrea: This train runs from Montesanto around north of Naples to Licola and Cuma, with stops in Soccavo and Quarto.
Circumvesuviana: This train runs from via Garibaldi, just down the street from the main train station. It has several lines which go to Ercolano, Pompeii and the resort towns of Vico Equense and Sorrento. You can catch Circumvesuviana trains from Piazza Garibaldi.
LONG DISTANCE TRAIN
Trains can be caught at the three main Naples stations (Centrale, Mergellina and Campi Flegrei), as well as from other town stations, like Formia. Tickets can be purchased at the stations, or from the USO Naples Support Site office. Train tickets are valid for travel on a particular train, you also may need to make a reservation for that train; some trains can only be ridden with a reservation.
Inter-city and other fast trains charge a supplement. For overnight travel, you can reserve "cuccette" which are train cars which convert to sleeping bunks, or a sleeper car, which has beds. For info on the Italian railroad system and prices/schedules visit their websiste (also in english) at www.trenitalia.com
The world famous Naples funicolare: not quite like the ones in San Francisco which travel along city streets. Rather, they have their own dedicated tracks. There are four funicolare in Naples, run by ATAN. Three go into the Vomero section, an elegant residential and shopping area; the fourth goes into the elegant residential area of Posillipo. The four are:
Centrale: runs from Piazza Duca D'Aosta, a small square off Via Roma across from Galleria Umberto and near the San Carlo Opera House. It ends very close to Piazza Vanvitelli, one of the main piazzas of the Vomero and in the heart of the business district.
Di Chiaia: also ends near Piazza Vanvitelli. It starts off the street of Parco Margherita, about 100 meters from Piazza Amedeo.
Montesanto: runs from Montesanto to Via Morghen in the Vomero, a couple of blocks from Piazza Vanvitelli.
Mergellina: runs from Mergellina to Via Manzoni in Posillipo. This is one of the most traditional rides in an original wooden cable car.
DRIVING IN ITALY
Highways and Roads Highway
There is an extensive and well maintained road network. Tolls are charged on the autostrade (highways). As in the rest of continental Europe, vehicles travel on the right and overtake on the left. The wearing of seatbelts is compulsory for front and back seat passengers as well as for the driver. The use of portable telephones is prohibited if they require intervention by hand to function.
Highways and Roads Highways are indicated by the letter "A" followed by a number written in white on a green background. They are almost all subject to tolls, except for some brief stretches, especially approaching urban areas. Tolls are paid in cash at highway exit points. It is also possible to pay by Viacard Telepass cards (systems that make automatic payment possible without stopping at the toll booths) or Viacard a highway toll payment card which can be bought, at a value of 10 Euro, on the highway, in many banks or in ACI offices.
ACI provides complete car service throughout the country. Calls for assistance can be made 24 hours a day by calling 116 or by using the emergency booths located every 2 km along the roadway, They have buttons with a wrench symbol, to be used in the event of a breakdown, and with a red cross symbol for a first-aid emergency.
Service areas are very frequent along all of the highways. The rest stops are always open, and, in addition to refueling, they also offer other services such as restaurants, bars, information offices, and banking windows.
Driving License Regulations
Italy recognises driving licenses and other traffic documents that are valid in other countries. U.S. and Canadian driving licenses are valid in Italy but the license must be accompanied by a translation. For motorists not in possession of an International Driving license, the ACI (Automobile Club Italiano) will issue a declaration upon presentation of a U.S. or a Canadian license. The declaration is obtainable at any ACI frontier or Provincial office for a small fee. Seat belts are compulsory in Italy.
Speed limits are fixed at 50 km (31 miles) per hour in urban areas, 90 km (56 miles) per hour on secondary and local roads, 110 km (68 miles) per hour on main roads outside urban areas and 130 km (80 miles) per hour on highways, with penalties for violation in proportion to the amount of the excess.
On highways (autostrade): no U-turns are permitted and stopping is permitted only in emergency parking areas or parking lanes. The Italian Highway Code follows the Geneva Convention and Italy uses international road signs. Driving is on the right, passing on the left. Violators of the highway code are fined; serious violations may also be punished by imprisonment.
Lanes: On three-lane roads, the middle lane is reserved for passing, which must always be signalled in advance with the directional signal which must be kept on while passing.
Motels Along the Road
Italy has an extensive network of motels that provide motorists with modern and comfortable accommodations, parking facilities and delicious regional food. Many motels also have swimming pools, private beaches, tennis courts, small parks and gardens. The main motel chain on the superhighway network is AGIP (some are part of the Forte group).